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dc.contributor.authorPagán-Collazo, Grace J.
dc.contributor.authorOliva, Jazmin
dc.contributor.authorCuadrado, Lumarie
dc.contributor.authorRivas-Tumanyan, Sona
dc.contributor.authorElías-Boneta, Augusto R.
dc.date.accessioned2015-11-21T21:33:47Z
dc.date.available2015-11-21T21:33:47Z
dc.date.issued2014-03
dc.identifier.citationPRHSJ Vol. 33 No. 1 • March, 2014
dc.identifier.issn0738-0658
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2750
dc.description.abstractObjective: To estimate the prevalence of hypodontia in a group of 10- to 14-yearolds from a group of orthodontic clinics in Puerto Rico.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of hypodontia in 10- to 14-year-olds from orthodontic clinics located in each of 9 regions (as determined by the government-run health insurance program, Reforma) in Puerto Rico. A total of 1,911 patients, ranging in age from 10 to 14 years, were evaluated using patient charts covering from May 2004 through June of that same year. A logistic regression model was done to evaluate the relation between the prevalence of hypodontia in the study group and clinic location, gender, and age; a 5% significance level was used. Results: The overall weighted prevalence of hypodontia was 6.02%. Females showed a higher weighted prevalence of hypodontia than did males (7.02% vs. 4.72%, respectively: p=0.06). The prevalence also varied by geographic region, ranging from 3.21% at the San Juan clinic to 10.68% at the Aibonito clinic (p=0.01). The most prevalent missing teeth were the maxillary lateral incisors, followed by the lower second premolars (1.9%). Conclusion: The prevalence of hypodontia in Puerto Rico was 6.02%. Females presented a higher prevalence of hypodontia than did males. Each of the clinics in Fajardo, Bayamón, San Juan, and Guayama had a lower prevalence of hypodontia than the Aibonito clinic did. The tooth most frequently missing in the study group was the maxillary right lateral incisor.[P R Health Sci J 2014;33:9-13]
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherPuerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
dc.subjectHypodontia
dc.subjectAgenesis
dc.subjectPrevalence
dc.subjectTooth hypodontia
dc.subjectCross-sectional study
dc.subjectPuerto Rico
dc.subjectANODONTIA
dc.subjectCHILD
dc.subjectCROSS-SECTIONAL STUDIES
dc.subjectEPIDEMIOLOGY
dc.subjectFEMALE
dc.subjectMALE
dc.subjectORTHODONTICS, CORRECTIVE
dc.subjectANODONCIA
dc.subjectEPIDEMIOLOGÍA
dc.subjectESTUDIOS TRANSVERSALES
dc.subjectHOMBRE
dc.subjectMUJER
dc.subjectNIÑO
dc.subjectORTODONCIA
dc.subjectORTODONCIA CORRECTIVA
dc.subjectPREVALENCIA
dc.titlePrevalence of Hypodontia in 10- to 14-Year-Olds Seeking Orthodontic Treatment at a Group of Clinics in Puerto Rico
dc.typeArticle


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